uses the acquired understanding of ecosystems, climate and carbon cycling as a basis to explain current ecological processes as well as to project these into the future.
offers an in depth insight into the recognition, analysis and prediction of environmental and human health problems caused by potentially toxic chemicals.
Adaptation to Human Environments
explores the multiple ways in which animals have evolved adaptations that help them to survive in ever-changing environments (including urbanization).
spans the animal kingdom and approach important behaviours from evolutionary, developmental, functional and mechanistic angles. Topics will include cooperation, consciousness, aggression, play, reproduction and personalities.
discusses genome evolution in pro- and eukaryotes, evolution of chloroplasts and mitochondria, horizontal DNA transfer, evolutionary consequences of genome evolution and sex, as well as causes of speciation.
For specific information about each course please visit the study guide.
3rd year undergraduate students of BSc Biology, BSc Biomedical Sciences, BSc Earth Sciences, and BSc Health & Life Sciences with a major in Biomedical Sciences from the VU, other Dutch universities and other European universities. Students from other disciplines or universities, national and international, are welcome, although additional requirements may apply.
Please see the application procedure for more information.
1 semester (30 EC)